DİLEK PENINSULE-THE GREATER MENDERES DELTA NATIONAL
|Surface Area||:||27,675 ha|
|Location||:||In the Aegean Region; within the jurisdiction of Aydın City / Kuşadası and Söke Counties.|
|Directions||:||Accessed through Kuşadası-Söke Highway. Whereas its distance to Kuşadası is 28 km, to Söke is 34 km.|
Geological structure of the Dilek Peninsula formed by elongation of the Samsun Mountain is composed of Paleozoic crusts, Mesozoic limestone and marbles and Neogen sedimentary blocks. The peninsula characterized with attractive beaches with sandy, clayey, inclined, and elevated coastal forms.
The Greater Menderes Delta located just south of the peninsula has an international marsh land characteristic at the gate of the bay exhibiting fast morphological development and it contains numbers of lagoons and swamp areas as an outputs of this development process. This lagoon system in which fresh and salty waters mix with each other hosts a diverse biological variety in its structure. In this diverse ecosystem, there are 209 bird species observed. This area is also the most important breeding area of the Dalmatian pelican one of the endangered species. Additionally, one of the endangered bird species, pygmy cormorant, is also nested in here.
Especially northern section of the National Park is covered with rare Mediterranean vegetation. Especially, peninsula conserves the most brilliant and healthy samples of daphnia and chestnut plant belts beside all plant species from the Mediterranean maquis flora. The National Park is the southest place where chestnut specific to the northern Anatolian forests could be found; and one of the rare places where viburnum plant could be found in Turkey; and even viburnum and Finike junipers formed a small community in there; and holm oak and branchy cedar could only be found in this park in Turkey.
National Park is the final place which hosts endangered vegetative and animal species. Furthermore, Mediterranean seal conserved in Mediterranean countries and see turtle find opportunity for habitat along coasts of national park.
Panionion, political-purpose union of Ionia, established on the skirts of the Dilek Hill on the northeast border of the National Park in Güzelçamlı District around 9th and 8th B.C. was used a meeting place for confederation.